British Medical Journal (BMJ) has recently issued a press release where it admonished the National Health Services (NHS) in order to increase the rate of metabolic surgeries to control this overgrowing epidemic of obesity. BMJ stated that compared to the increase in cases of obesity, NHS should increase the rate of metabolic surgery to 50,000 per year and save the patients from heavy costs of prolonged medical care and treatments.
Unfortunately, less than 1% of people have access to the benefits of this surgery. While other procedures are costly, tiresome and prolonged, bariatric surgery is much more cost-effective and efficient.
Mentioned in the study is the fact that it is completely impossible to carry out surgery on everyone. Apart from those who have greater chances of improved health, people with Type 2 diabetes, BMI above 30 and sleep apnea must undergo surgery.
They added that general practitioners (GPs) and medical advisors should, without any medical bias, advise patients with severe conditions to undergo metabolic surgery.
BMJ also stated that not only is bariatric surgery cost-effective, it also results in weight loss.
According to BMJ’s press release, from 2011-12 and 2014-15, the number of operations fell by 31% from 8,794 to 3,062. With obesity on the rise, such rapidly falling numbers are a massive sign of concern.
According to PLoS Medicine, bariatric surgery is one of the most successful methods for weigh loss with no reduction in the mortality rate. BMJ’s study also showed that people who undergo bariatric surgery are less vulnerable to type 2 diabetes, myocardial infarctions, anginas, hypertension and obstructive sleep apnea.
Two groups were studied with an average BMI of 44.1. A 4.98 kg per month weigh reduction appeared in four postoperative months amongst the group of people who underwent a surgery. In contrast, no weigh loss was reported in the other group. People who underwent surgery also possessed a reduced risk of developing obesity-related problems. Another study published in BMJ, stated that bariatric surgery is the best method for achieving sustained weight loss among people experiencing complex obesity.
Four major types of bariatric surgery are known. According to the aforementioned study, people who underwent a gastric bypass experienced a weight reduction of 38 kgs more than other types of surgery.
Weight loss reduction was directly linked to reduction in associated problems. A 31% and 20% weight loss reduction appeared among patients who underwent sleeve gastrectomy and gastric band.
Bariatric surgery spares the patient from paying extra money on less productive treatments and allows the patient to save on prescriptions and get back to their daily routine.
People should prefer bariatric surgery over non-surgery treatment for several reasons. Bariatric surgery is cost-effective whereas non-surgery treatments are time-consuming and expensive.
So far, bariatric surgery has had no effect on the mortality rate while non-surgery treatments such as exercises, diets, and medications are not only lengthy but are also less productive and tiresome.
Obesity is not just related to the number of the said diseases but can also run in the family. For example, being obese during pregnancy can make the female’s pregnancy critical. Gestational diabetes, preeclampsia, pregnancy loss and many more negative side effects can result as a consequence of obesity. Furthermore, the mother can also pass her disease on to her child.
Obesity has become a worldwide issue and is still spreading like wildfire. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the UK ranks second for highest obesity rate and sixth internationally whereas one-third of all adults in the US are obese. According to the WHO’s Fact Sheet On Obesity, people with BMI greater and equal to 30 are considered obese.
BMI stands for body mass index. It is a scale to measure the level of obesity in person based on the height and weight of a person.
BMI for Adults = (weight in pounds/height in inches squared) x 703.
No one wants to be obese child or an adult. And with a little care and understanding, obesity can be completely avoided. A proper nutritional diet plan, regular exercise, regular blood glucose checkup and a few more things can easily lead to an obesity-free life.